What is BOCA (Building Officials and Code Administrators) code?

Boca Pool Codes are a set of rules specified for building and safety for residential construction. There are electrical codes, plumbing codes, foundation codes, structural codes, and many more to insure the correct compliant safety codes construction techniques. This section is to inform you how to protect yourself as a pool owning homeowner from the liability of an accidental drowning or near drowning. Keep in mind that safely securing a swimming pool with safety pool fencing and gates is only ONE PART of an entire pool safety strategy. Please consult your local codes administration office; they will help you with the latest code updates.
Since most communities have limited resources to research and develop their own set of building codes, they end up adopting the National BOCA Codes. The BOCA codes are recognized across the United States as the “minimum code requirements.” Not only should you contact your local building code authorities, you should reach out to your HOA to make sure that there are not specific requirements there as well. Insurance companies have been known to cancel an entire homeowner’s policy because a pool owner doesn’t meet requirements!


Why are insurance companies and attorneys all concerned with swimming pools and homeowners liability? Cash Money! In our litigious legal system swimming pools are grouped together with swing sets, trampolines, and other outdoor enticements. Legally, these items are call attractive nuisances because they attract small children to them, and the homeowners as responsible adults have to take reasonable actions to protect outside children from harm. If a child is injured or worse on your property and it is not correctly protected as required by law, then you are responsible. If you skirt your homeowner’s insurance requirements and there is an injury or worse they may decline coverage! So the smart and responsible thing to do is make sure you protect yourself and your family by following your local building codes requirements and the requirements of your home owner’s policy.


Pool fencing is to be a minimum of 48″ high from the outside grade of the fence perimeter. Knox County has a height restriction of 48” whereas the Knox City has a height restriction of 60”. Even if the latest BOCA Pool Code has not been adopted, local authorities sometimes will add stricter regulations to the adopted code. So check in with your local building codes authority for the latest updates before construction.
Side note – Spacing between pickets cannot allow a 4″ sphere to pass thru (<4″ spacing between pickets. This is to keep small children from passing through the fence.


A magnetic latch that is self closing and self locking is required by Boca Pool Code. This is a devise that is pulled by the top and hard for small children to operate to open a gate.
Pool gates are the point of entry for pedestrians and therefore the main access of small children. Children are inherently curious, watching adults enter and leave the pool area. Children are also very clever at manipulating handles, doors, and cabinets. Since gates are where the majority of children (4 years and under) enter the pool area special emphasis is placed on gate security. Gates are to open outward away from the pool. When opening outward there is less chance for the child to enter the pool area unsupervised. Gates are to have high tension hinges, be self-closing and self-latching. The spring load hinges should close the gate from wide open to just barely open. The release mechanism of the latch is to be 54″ or higher from the outside grade. This is to keep small children from reaching up and releasing the gate.
For all other questions regarding your pool code and whether or not you will meet specifications with your pool, just call us at 8659889935 and ask all the questions you need to.